Varicose veins are one of the oldest diseases. The question of how and how to treat varicose veins in the legs, and now hundreds of people are doing it.
Today, treatment of varicose veins in the legs has become available to everyone.
Modern medicine offers a variety of methods to combat this disease.
The heaviness in the legs and the frequent swelling of the lower extremities, and then the appearance of numerous spider veins signal the onset of varicose veins. The main cause of the disease is a sedentary lifestyle. It is no coincidence that in most cases the problem of varicose veins in the legs is faced by people whose professional activity includes long-term reduction in a place - salesman, driver, office worker, hairdresser, etc. Low physical activity provokes blood clots in the veins, and therefore the symptoms of varicose veins appear. However, this is far from the only factor that can provoke varicose veins in the legs:
- Lifting heavy items;
- Changes in hormonal levels during pregnancy or puberty;
- Long-term use of hormones;
- Wear tight clothing that strongly compresses the vessels in the legs (tight tights, jeans, tight knee-highs or socks).
Doctors also point out that the habit of crossing the legs when sitting is also detrimental to the health of the veins.
Stages and symptoms
Before treating varicose veins in the legs, it is necessary to determine the stage of the course of the disease. Fortunately, varicose veins have a number of characteristic features that make it possible to detect the problem early. Specialists in the field of phlebology distinguish 4 stages of the course of varicose veins:
- Phase 1.External changes are noticed in the limbs: sinus veins protrude into the legs and thighs, red and vascular "stars" appear. In the evening, the feet may swell slightly;
- Phase 2The tingling and feeling of heaviness in the legs increase. At night, especially after physical exertion the day before, cramps, numbness, and a tingling sensation may appear in the calf muscles;
- Phase 3Swelling of the feet becomes a constant phenomenon, seals, pigmentation and dermatitis begin to form on the lower limbs;
- Phase 4The skin becomes covered with trophic ulcers.
Despite the fact that in the initial stages it is difficult to recognize the disease due to the lack of varicose veins, as such, external changes in the legs should alert you and encourage you to seek medical help. Treatment of varicose veins is prescribed by a phlebologist after an ultrasound scan. The results of this study help determine the stage of disease spread, which allows the specialist to understand which method will be most effective in a particular case.
According to medical statistics, certain symptoms of varicose veins are observed in about 70% of the inhabitants of developed countries. This requires the development of new treatments for varicose veins. To date, this disease is offered to be treated with medication, surgery and physiotherapy. In traditional medicine, the following procedures are actively used to get rid of varicose veins permanently:
- Scleotherapy.Sclerosant is injected into damaged veins, which "freeze" their walls. Subsequently, the veins disintegrate, and their function in the bloodstream is transferred to healthy elements;
- Laser therapy.The most popular treatment for varicose veins. A lasting positive effect is achieved in 98% of cases. The mechanism of action is similar to sclerotherapy, here only one laser is used;
- Venectomy.It is a surgical removal of damaged veins. After surgery, patients are required to wear compression garments for 2 years to restore normal blood flow;
- Hirudotherapy.Leech have a positive effect on the veins, helping the blood clots inside them to disperse.
The methods described above, although effective in the question of how to treat varicose veins in the legs, are not shown to everyone.
Thus, for example, during pregnancy and in the early stages of disease development, doctors prescribe conservative methods of treatment: wearing compression footwear, taking medication and special gymnastics to improve blood flow.
Cardinal treatment of varicose veins can be avoided if the disease is detected in the early stages of development. Simple preventative measures will help not only stop the further progression of varicose veins, but also prevent its occurrence in people forced to lead a sedentary lifestyle. They are as follows:
- foodThe inclusion of vegetable oils and fish oil in the menu, as well as products with vitamin F, will strengthen the walls of blood vessels and cope with excess weight - a common cause of varicose veins;
- Contrast massage and shower.In the evening after a hard day’s work, perform a light massage or a contrast bath for your feet, pouring over them first with warm water and then cold;
- Sports activities.Moderate physical activity 2-3 times a week will keep your feet healthy. Doctors advise to give priority to brisk running, swimming and cycling;
- Walking barefoot.Going out of town or to the sea, do not miss the opportunity to walk barefoot in the sand or grass. It perfectly relaxes the leg muscles and at the same time increases the tone of the veins;
- Wear comfortable shoes.Avoid wearing tight shoes or too tight tights and socks. The more uncomfortable you feel in them, the stronger the pressure in the vessels and the higher the risk of blood clotting in the veins.