Treatment of varicose veins is a long process that requires a responsible approach from both the doctor and the patient. With the help of a well-chosen therapeutic scheme, it is possible to stabilize the patient's condition, prevent the progression of the pathology and improve well-being.
Treatment of varicose veins is a long process that requires a responsible approach from both the doctor and the patient.
Varicose veins are treated in several ways. The main ones are:
- Conservative.Used in the early stages of the disease, when there are no complications in the form of trophic ulcers and other lesions of the integrity of the skin. With the help of medications (tablets, injections, oils and other dosage forms), it is possible to stabilize the patient's well-being and prevent the development of stagnation in the blood vessels of the lower extremities.
- Surgical.This means removing the affected veins or inserting a special substance into their lumen, which causes the vessel to stick together.
The use of the following medications will help eliminate varicose veins in the legs:
- Phlebotonics. They increase the tone of blood vessels, strengthen the walls.
- Anticoagulants. Prevent platelet aggregation.
- Decongestants. Eliminate blockages, remove edema of the lower extremities.
- Disrespectful. They effectively dilute the blood.
- Antioxidants Improves blood circulation, activates recovery processes.
- Fibrinolytics. Destroy blood clots.
- Preparations for activating microcirculation and preventing trophic changes.
Elimination of varicose veins in the legs will help the use of phlebotonics, anticoagulants, antiplatelet agents, antioxidants, fibrinolytics.
Creams and ointments
Conservative treatment methods include the use of special creams and oils. They will help to completely cure asterisks in the legs, to prevent the formation of blood clots in blood vessels. Treatment involves the use of heparin-based oils and venoactive ingredients.
The funds have a resorbing effect, prevent the development of stagnation, reduce pain and strengthen the walls of blood vessels.
To relieve pain, you should use NSAID-based oils. They help reduce inflammation.
Effective treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities is impossible without the use of systemic drugs in the form of tablets. For this, phlebotonics is used. The tools strengthen the walls of blood vessels, increase their tone and elasticity. Prevents edema and blood stasis, relieves pain and cramps. Blood thinners will help relieve the discomfort. The use of NSAIDs in tablet form to facilitate patient well-being is indicated.
Preparations intended for intramuscular administration will help to quickly remove varicose veins in the leg and facilitate patient well-being. For this, phlebotonics, antiplatelet agents, decongestants and other agents are used.
The physician develops the treatment regimen individually for each patient, taking into account the clinical manifestations, complications present and other factors.
Treatment without surgery
It is impossible to completely eliminate varicose veins using conservative methods. Physiotherapeutic methods, active use of compression stockings, exercise therapy, hirudotherapy and other methods will help improve the effectiveness of medication use.
Caterpillar saliva contains hirudin. This component has powerful blood-thinning properties. When it penetrates the bloodstream, it prevents the formation of blood clots and promotes the resorption of existing clots. Activates blood circulation, prevents blood stasis in the lower extremities.
With the help of hirudotherapy, you can permanently remove spider veins and varicose veins in the legs, especially in the initial stage of development.
To improve the condition of a patient suffering from varicose veins of the lower extremities, physiotherapeutic methods are widely used as an adjunctive treatment. With their help, you can stabilize the pathological process and stop its further development. Strengthen the walls of blood vessels, make them elastic, activate the drainage of blood and lymph.
The most effective and popular treatment for varicose veins is laser therapy.
With varicose veins, the following physiotherapeutic methods of treatment are used:
- laser therapy;
- balneotherapy and others.
The method of treatment consists of the use of special sweater or elastic bandage, which helps to fight varicose veins by compressing the superficially placed veins. The patient wears the T-shirt in the supine position (in the morning), when the blood vessels are in a relaxed state. With physical activity, this will prevent them from overloading.
Depending on the degree of pressure, the compression hose is divided into 4 classes. Therefore, it is used not only in the early stages of the disease, but also when skin ulcers appear.
Exercise is indicated to activate blood circulation and eliminate venous congestion. They should be done not only when signs of disease development appear, but also as a preventive measure.
Before starting classes, it is imperative to consult an exercise therapy specialist, as some exercises and sports are strictly forbidden for varicose veins.
The patient has to move a lot, but at the same time he can not run, as this negatively affects the condition of blood vessels.
Modern methods of surgical treatment will help eliminate varicose veins of the lower extremities. In this case, partial or complete removal of the subcutaneous blood vessels is performed, which contributes to the elimination of abnormal blood discharge from the superficial veins to the deeper ones. The operation is performed in several ways. This can be phlebectomy, laser coagulation or scleotherapy. The choice of method is based on the severity of the venous lesion and the condition of the patient.
Sclerotherapy treatment is performed by injecting a special substance (sclerosant) into a pathologically enlarged vein. Provokes the appearance of aseptic inflammation, which leads to adhesion of the vessel walls. After the procedure, a tight bandage should be placed on the limb. The duration of its use is determined by the specialist who performed the treatment. This is affected by the rate of pathology spread and the number of injections performed. As a result of this treatment, blood flow stops and the closed vein turns into scar tissue.
Laser coagulation is a minimally invasive treatment of pathologically enlarged veins in the lower extremities, in which a special guide of laser light is inserted into the lumen of the altered vessel. Under its influence, the venous endothelium is exposed to high temperatures, as a result of which it sticks together. This leads to the cessation of blood flow to the vessel with its further resorption.
The laser treatment touches only the inner wall of the vessel, without touching the surrounding tissue. Under the influence of the laser, the varicose veins network is removed and the trophic disorders are eliminated.
Laser coagulation helps eliminate varicose veins. In this case, under the influence of a laser, the varicose veins network is removed and the trophic disorders are eliminated.
Phlebectomy is the surgical removal of varicose veins. This treatment is performed only after a thorough examination of the patient (Doppler sonography), in order to determine the localization of pathologically altered areas, the condition of the superficial and deep vein valves, the presence of trunks and other branches.
Surgical treatment of the disease with phlebectomy can restore normal blood flow and eliminate reflux. This is possible due to the removal of large and small saphenous veins.
Varicose veins are treated not only with medication, but also with the help of unconventional methods. However, as an independent treatment, folk remedies are indicated for use only in the initial stages of the disease. With severe pathology, they can be used only in combination with traditional conservative and surgical medicine.
In the treatment of the disease, the use of compresses, the use of infusions and decoctions based on medicinal plants that have a healing effect is advised.
The main condition for the effectiveness of the bandages is that the temperature under the bandage increases by several degrees. Thanks to this, medicinal ingredients penetrate quickly into the tissues and have a therapeutic effect.
Compresses help the patient with varicose veins. In the treatment, tomato slices, fern leaves, potato peel, chopped branches of fresh willow, Kalanchoe, soda with white cabbage leaves and honey are used.
In the treatment of the disease, tomato slices, fern leaves, potato peel, chopped branches of young willow, Kalanchoe, soda with white cabbage leaves and honey are used. You can also use a semi-alcoholic compress, which has pronounced stimulating properties.
For the preparation of tinctures for varicose veins, medicinal plants should be used that can improve microcirculation, reduce vascular permeability and restore the elasticity of the walls, eliminate edema and inflammation, dilute the blood and prevent the formation of blood clots.
Most often they use horse chestnut tincture for varicose veins. Fruits contain beneficial glycosides with a pronounced therapeutic effect.
In addition to chestnuts, the use of tinctures based on nettle, hops, nutmeg, Kalanchoe, apple, arnica, hops and other ingredients is indicated.
With the help of correctly selected herbal preparations, you can activate blood flow, eliminate stagnation of blood and lymph in the lower extremities, dilute the blood, remove swelling and pain and normalize metabolic processes. Herbal medicine does not aim to reduce the clinical manifestations of the disease, but to eliminate the cause of varicose veins. In pathology therapy, they use verbena, sweet clover, meadow lumbago, club-shaped floats, bitter, medicinal dandelion, meadow clover and others. The course of treatment is several months.