What is varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins in the legs are among the most uncomfortable and common diseases. This disease can cause great discomfort, damage the circulatory organs and deprive the feet prematurely of their natural beauty.

To be fully armed and maintain health for many years, it is important to know everything about varicose veins.

What is varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins (varicose veins) stand in wait for every third representative of the fair sex who has reached the age of 30-40 years. Rarely, the disease occurs in men and adolescents.

The veins in the legs have special valves. With their help, blood passes only inone direction (up). . . Failure of these valves will result inthe blood has the ability to move down (in the opposite direction to the normal direction), which prevents its outflow.

Over the years, the vessels lose their tone, become more fragile, the venous valves lose their ability to effectively distill blood. As a result, blood flow throughout the body is interrupted. The appearance of delicate venous networks and stars becomes the first sign of the development of varicose veins.

Further, venous dilation of the veins in the leg begins to progress. The veins increase in size, swell, acquire an unhealthy bluish tinge. They often become inflamed and explode, causing severe discomfort, pain, and burning. A common site of localization of vascular formations is in the popliteal fossa and in adjacent areas.

In addition to the lower limbs, other areas of the body are susceptible to the disease:

  • various parts of the hands;
  • small pelvic veins;
  • groin and genitals

Often, during VRW, women are embarrassed to wear dresses and skirts, are forced to give preference to the masculine style of clothing.

Interesting fact!The term "varicose veins" comes from Latin. The word varix translates as "knot". The disease is associated with the characteristic formation of vascular joints.

What causes varicose veins: causes

Many are familiar with the expression: movement is life. This is the case with venous diseases. What causes varicose veins in the legs? A sedentary lifestyle is the first reason for its emergence.. . . Lack of proper activity negatively affects the condition of blood vessels.Blood circulation deteriorates, blood stagnation occurs, and the first vascular spider web appears.

In the case of constant walking stress, the risk of developing the disease also increases. Long stay in a standing position exerts moderate pressure on the lower limbs, blood stagnates in them.

A sedentary lifestyle is no less harmful- contributes to the weakening of blood vessels, and as a result, the appearance of symptoms of varicose veins. The causes of varicose veins of the lower extremities are individual.

Among the most common are:

  • hereditary predisposition;
  • chronic stress and sedentary work;
  • alcohol abuse, unhealthy diet and overweight;
  • everyday wear of tight clothes and high-heeled shoes;
  • taking hormonal contraceptives;
  • changes in the female body during menopause or the birth of a child.

The reason for the appearance of vascular pathology in men can be strenuous physical activity, excessive sports, excessive visits to saunas and baths.


There are many signs of VRV development.The first thing you need to pay attention to is the onset of leg pain.This is the first wake-up call. The diagnosis of "varicose veins" is confirmed in the presence of the following manifestations:

  • sensation of throbbing pain at the sites of the vessels;
  • burning sensation in the leg muscles and frequent nocturnal cramps;
  • grief while walking;
  • feeling tired while standing;
  • "Buzzing" standing at the end of the day

Traditional healers add psychological reasons to the traditional causes of the disease. In their opinion, the internal condition of a person mainly affects the development or inhibition of the disease.

Varicose veins in the legs develop invisibly.The first lesions most often appear in the posterior region of the knee joint.(in the popliteal fossa) and in adjacent areas of the legs. Vascular networks and edema are often overlooked. It is these insignificant manifestations that become the initial signs of vascular circulation violation.

In case of neglect of treatment, it is possible to develop trophic ulcers, thrombophlebitis, bleeding from varicose veins, muscle deformity and irreversible changes in the skin. The most dangerous consequences are considered the risk of developing gangrene or separation of a blood clot, which naturally leads to death.

Importers is important to know!The advanced stage of VRV often does not undergo treatment with folk remedies and remedies, and therefore requires mandatory surgical intervention.

How do varicose veins develop?

The disease is rapid in nature, develops and progresses quite rapidly. Varicose veins in the legs become the beginning of "full" varicose veins.Venous insufficiency is systemic, its characteristic manifestations are observed in different parts of the body, can coexist with hemorrhoids and other signs of the disease.

The following international classification is called CEAP (Pathology of Clinical Anatomy of Etiology).

Phlebologists distinguish 6 stages of VRV:

The first phaserepresents the initial stage of disease development, during which there is increased fatigue, weight and swelling of the lower extremities by the end of the day, the development of a poorly expressed vascular network. Sometimes, even at this stage, cramps are felt in the calves.

Spider veins in the initial stage of varicose veins

The capillaries (small vessels) dilate first, then the problem ceases to be cosmetic, and the period itself can last more than a year.

Second phasecontributes to the emergence of tangible anxiety. The dilated veins in the legs and the vascular networks are very clearly visible, and the swelling and painful sensations become more and more intense. Venous valves lose their ability to perform their function. The second stage of disease development requires qualified medical care.

The third stagecharacterized by the constant presence of pain, severe swelling, and cramping in the lower extremities. The veins in the foot are dilated and the edema makes it impossible to wear shoes with the same comfort. These symptoms appear as a result of intense physical activity or vice versa, after a long period of limited mobility.

The fourth stagediagnosed if metabolism is disturbed in the skin. With it, the skin becomes covered with brown-brown spots, localized mainly in the ankle area. The area of skin pigmentation becomes denser, later trophic ulcers form. With the threat of blood clots, the patient is indicatedimmediate surgical intervention.

The description of the first four stages helps to get a complete picture of the development of the RPV.

The fifth stageis determined by the presence of keloid scars that have appeared after a course of treatment of trophic ulcers. Often, the wound reopens in the same place.

Phase sixmeans exactly this (open ulcer). In this case, there is a need for urgent surgery, skin grafting is often done.


By having information about what varicose veins are and how to treat it, you can confidently resist the insidious enemy. If you contact a medical institution in a timely manner, a qualified specialist will help solve the problem. The approach to treatment is always individual.

In the initial stage, you can move on to a lifestyle change, which involved the development of the disease. With pronounced signs of venous insufficiency, complex therapy is required with the appointment of systemic drugs, local agents and physiotherapy.

The use of traditional medicine prescriptions can also bring many benefits, but requires the mandatory approval of the attending physician.