For many women, the appearance of a venous network in the foot is primarily an aesthetic problem. But, this is a sign of the development of a serious disease, in the absence of treatment of which there is a serious threat to health and life. Therefore, in the manifestation of the smallest signs of varicose veins in women, it is necessary to immediately begin treatment of the disease. It is possible to get rid of the pathology in the initial stage with the help of conservative methods of therapy, while the advanced stages of the disease require mandatory surgical intervention.
What is the risk of varicose veins in women
Varicose veins of the lower extremities are threatened with numerous negative consequences. First of all, the volume of blood in the veins increases, which leads to its stagnation. The intensity of the arterial blood supply is significantly reduced. As a result, body tissues begin to suffer from oxygen starvation. Lack of nutrients can lead to the development of hypoxia and degeneration.
Serious complications of varicose veins in the legs include the development of:
- Phlebitis.The disease is characterized by the development of inflammation in the vessel wall from the inside. Associated with severe pain and skin discoloration. Inflammation can affect several veins at the same time, which significantly damages health. If left untreated, thrombophlebitis is more likely to develop.
- Thrombosis.The insidiousness of this form of complication lies in the difficult identification of this pathology. This is explained by the appearance of a blood clot mainly in the deep veins of the lower extremities. This pathology leads to dysfunction of the organs of the cardiovascular system, as well as to violations of the rheological properties of blood. Blood clots can completely block the lumen of the vessel, which will lead to serious consequences and even death.
- Thrombophlebitis.May affect deep and internal veins. Most often, the pathology develops in the lower limbs. Blood stagnation in the veins leads to the formation of clots in it and the development of inflammation of the venous walls. The risk of a blood clot peeling off the walls of blood vessels lies in the possibility of its penetration into the heart, pulmonary artery, or even the brain. The result of such a thrombus running through the body is undoubtedly the death of a person.
- Trophic ulcer.It is formed as a result of insufficient blood supply to the skin in the area of the affected vein. In the initial stage of pathology development, the skin simply changes color. But with progression, ulcers form in these areas, characterized by a long healing process. In this condition, the superficial veins "grow together" with each other, which increases the likelihood of bleeding, even with minor skin damage.
The long-term progression of varicose veins and the development of an advanced stage of the disease threatens the disability and disability of the patient.
Most patients do not understand the dangers of varicose veins in the legs. But the development of such a pathology in the absence of its treatment contributes to the development of irreparable consequences and may even lead the patient to disability. In medical practice, there are cases in which the consequences of the disease ended in death.
Where to start treatment
Venous insufficiency is characterized by slow development and prolonged course. Dysfunction of the blood circulation in the saphenous veins can occur over several years. During this time, the tone of the blood vessels gradually decreases, which leads to the development of irreversible consequences.
Over time, veins with chronic varicose veins develop, which are associated with constant stagnation of blood in the altered veins. This condition leads to the appearance of chronic inflammation and swelling of the soft tissues of the feet.
Dangerous to health is not only varicose veins, but also venous thrombosis that appears in its background. Accompanied by severe pain, the limb turns blue, the affected vein turns into a swollen, dense, flushed cord. Over time, a neglected form of pathology is formed, which carries a dangerous threat to human life.
Therefore, treatment of varicose veins in the legs should begin with the manifestation of heaviness in the legs, rapid fatigue, and swelling of the lower extremities. Paraesthesia, burning sensation in muscle tissue, nocturnal cramps and restless legs syndrome are also precursors of this pathology.
You should not wait for the visual symptoms of varicose veins in women. Manifestation of discomfort in the lower extremities indicates the need to visit a phlebologist.
At the doctor's appointment, a visual examination of the legs will be performed and the health of the veins will be assessed. Sometimes patient complaints and a thorough examination are sufficient to establish a diagnosis. But, as a more complete examination, instrumental diagnosis can be assigned.
- Duplex sonography. A unique technique that allows you to see a detailed clinical picture of the condition of superficial and deep veins in 20 minutes.
- Computed tomographic phlebography. It is performed by inserting a contrast agent into the vein cavity. Such a diagnosis helps to differentiate the diagnosis from possible thrombosis.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRV) is a type of magnetic resonance imaging. Allows you to assess the condition of the vessels through which blood returns to the heart.
- Doppler segmental ultrasonography. The simplest diagnostic method to determine the health of the arteries of the lower extremities.
Performing a special set of blood tests will determine the tendency for increased thrombus formation.
Based on the results of the diagnosis, the doctor determines the treatment tactics and, if necessary, prescribes a minimally invasive operation.
Treatment of venous insufficiency begins with the understanding that the pathology has affected us. The next step is to visit a doctor in a timely manner and undergo a thorough examination of the lower extremities.
How to treat varicose veins in the legs
Once a woman is diagnosed with varicose veins in her legs, all medical recommendations should be strictly followed to eliminate the disease. Regardless of the stage of its development, pathology therapy should be carried out in a comprehensive manner.
The main methods of treating varicose veins in the legs include:
- Surgical therapy.It is performed in exceptional cases, when conservative treatment does not give results, or at an advanced stage of pathology. There are two types of intervention:
- Classical phlebectomy - removal of the affected vein.
- Miniflebectomy - based on the removal of small joints in the veins.
- Phlebosclerotic therapy.A low traumatic method in which the damaged vein is sealed with the help of certain manipulations. Minimally invasive treatment of varicose veins is performed by the following types:
- Scleotherapy. It consists of administering a special adhesive preparation to the affected container.
- Laser coagulation. Removal of the vascular network in the foot is performed by exposing it to laser beams.
- Radiofrequency ablation. The introduction of an available catheter stimulates the contraction of the enlarged vessels.
- Medication treatmentis performed by taking drugs of different pharmacological groups for external and internal use. The selection of drugs is carried out taking into account the clinical picture of the disease and the general health of the woman.
- Wearing compression garments.Recommended after surgical treatment and in complex therapy of pathology. The appropriate compression grade should be selected at different stages of treatment.
As an adjunct therapy, doctors recommend the use of traditional medicine methods. Also, an important point in the treatment of varicose veins in women is the normalization of lifestyle and the maintenance of a healthy diet.
How to treat leg veins with varicose veins of different degrees
Many people postpone a visit to a phlebologist because they are afraid of surgical treatment of varicose veins. But, the therapy of varicose veins is carried out using different methods and it depends on the stage of development of the disease.
- The mildest and quickest treatment is performed in the initial stage of varicose veins in the legs. The therapeutic complex at this stage includes:
- Systematic performance of improving gymnastics.
- Passing a massage course.
- Use of local medicines to relieve the symptoms of the disease.
- Possible appointment of taking venotonics for disease prevention.
- Performing medical procedures such as sclerotherapy or ozone therapy.
To consolidate the acquired therapeutic effect in the initial stage of development of varicose veins, patients after treatment are recommended to wear special compression underwear.
- Traditional. Involves taking systemic and local action medications. Also a prerequisite at this stage is the wearing of the medical jersey.
- Operative. The method of surgical intervention is chosen taking into account the clinical picture of the disease and the general health of the patient. In case of valve dysfunction, sclerotherapy with iron chloride is performed. Alsoshte also possible laser action on the veins, which leads to their sealing.
- The third stage of disease development is the most difficult and requires a mandatory operation on the damaged veins. At this stage of pathology development, safene veins affected by varicose veins are excised. Phlebectomy allows you to perform surgery with minimal damage, but at the same time effectively cure varicose veins of grade 3. Also at this stage it is mandatory to take medication and wear knitted medical clothes of grade 3-4compression.
Venous insufficiency belongs to the category of pathologies that can be treated with a timely visit to a doctor. At the same time, modern medicine has developed painless techniques for removing affected veins. But such treatment of varicose veins will require a longer cure. Therefore, experts recommend treating the disease in the first stage of its development.