Varicose veins are a disease of a modern urban person. Almost every second inhabitant of our planet faces this problem, and most women suffer from varicose veins. If you do not postpone the treatment of varicose veins for later, then you can forever say "Goodbye! " Ugly stars, bruises and seals on the legs. Moreover, it is worth remembering that varicose veins are not only a cosmetic defect, but also a violation of blood circulation, which means that it is a major threat to health.
Disease prevention methods
Any doctor will tell you that it is better to prevent the onset of the disease than to cure it later. If you follow simple but effective preventative rules, then varicose veins will not be scary.
- An active lifestyle is the most important thing. Blood clots in the limbs occur due to a sedentary lifestyle. If a person spends the whole day in the office or driving a car, then several times a day it is necessary to take a 15-minute break to recharge.
- Weight control - Overweight is often the cause of spider veins and varicose veins in the legs. And that is understandable. After all, the whole load falls on the feet.
- To know nothing about varicose veins and vein removal, you should avoid constant strenuous physical work and static loads (varicose veins are a disease of saleswomen and hairdressers who stay on their feet all day).
- The right shoes. Continuous wearing of high heels (more than 6 cm) leads to problems with the blood vessels in the legs. Leave the pins for a short-term view. For work days, it is better to choose comfortable and correct shoes.
- Monitoring the use of hormonal contraceptives. Lack of such control often leads to problems with blood flow and vessels.
Conservative treatment of varicose veins
- Taking medication for phlebotonics.
The course usually lasts a long time, sometimes 2-3 months. The doctor may prescribe several intermittent courses per year. The drug not only helps to restore already diseased vessels, but also prevents harm to others.
- Compression stockings are an integral part of treating varicose veins, even after vein removal surgery.
Some patients prefer elastic bandages to specialized underwear, but must be taught to cope with them. Improper overlap can lead to disruption of the treatment process. Only a doctor chooses compression stockings. This is due to the fact that tights, knee highs and socks have different compression classes. For example, the first class is dressed for prevention, the second - with obvious symptoms, the third - with a complicated course of the disease. It should be reiterated that venous surgery does not preclude wearing the specialized vest.
Treatment methods and venous surgery
If preventive measures do not help, and varicose veins nevertheless appeared, and with it pain, discomfort and cosmetic defects, then it can not be done without consulting a phlebologist. After a thorough examination and discussion, the doctor will choose one of the treatment methods that suits the situation.
- A conservative method that involves the use of compression stockings, oils, gels and preparations, as well as special exercises.
This type of treatment is applicable in the early stages of disease development for pregnant women and for people for whom venous surgery, i. e. intravenous surgery, is contraindicated for health reasons.
- Scleotherapy is the other most traumatic method.
The procedure is performed on an outpatient basis. The doctor injects the patient with a thin needle into the affected vein with a sclerosant, a specialized medicine that "sticks" to its walls. Thus, the diseased vein simply stops functioning, and the blood goes along another path. The doctor makes some of these injections, sometimes under the supervision of an ultrasound machine.
- Laser coagulation is not an operation on veins, but belongs to the office surgery section, i. e. all procedures are performed in a doctor’s office, on an outpatient basis.
In fact, it is similar to the previous method, but is performed, of course, using a laser. This option is suitable for handling large vessels. The whole procedure takes a little time (about 40 minutes) and is done under local anesthesia. The doctor inserts an LED into the affected vessel and uses a laser to operate on the vein. The procedure is also performed under the supervision of an ultrasound scan. In subsequent receptions, it is possible to use a sclerosant. After laser coagulation, it is also necessary to wear compression stockings.
- Venectomy is a real operation that involves removing the veins affected by the disease.
This method solves the problem radically. Due to the fact that the drug has come a long way, and more and more often does not come to venectomy, doctors resort to this method less and less. The main indications for surgery are: extensive vascular lesions, trophic ulcers, as well as severe edema and thrombophlebitis. Since venectomy is a true venous surgery, it is performed exclusively in a hospital setting.
Also, after unloading, it is necessary to wear compression socks for a long time, sometimes for several years. Do not worry about removing veins. After all, varicose veins are mainly sensitive to subcutaneous vessels, and through them blood flow is small (only 10%).
How are veins removed?
In fact, surgery is not as scary as it may seem. The task of the angio surgeon is to remove the affected saphenous veins (large and small) and block the blood flow to the communication vessels. You can achieve the desired goal with different methods (Bebkokka, Narata). Only the attending physician decides on the method of surgery, depending on the severity of the course of the disease. There is no major blood loss during this procedure, as all the main blood flows through the veins located deep in the human body.
The procedure for the treatment of varicose veins with an operative method takes no more than two hours.
Alternative treatment for varicose veins
Hirudotherapy (treatment of caterpillars) has long been used in medical practice in the treatment of varicose veins. Moreover, it is worth noting that this is a very effective method.
The most important and useful in this procedure is the saliva of caterpillars, or rather the hirudin contained in it. This substance contributes to the fact that venous blood stops rapid clotting in the affected areas and, therefore, does not accumulate and does not form blood clots. The blood becomes thinner.
With a well-performed procedure, you can get rid of varicose veins, leg pain, edema and obvious cosmetic defects. Of course, in advanced cases, caterpillars are unlikely to help, here only the removal of veins is important. But in the initial stages, hirudotherapy is a way out.
This unusual method of treating varicose veins has a number of contraindications: anemia, hypotension, hemophilia. Pregnant women should also not use caterpillars for help.
Take special care of your health. Do not start the disease! And if it happens that venous surgery is shown to you, then you should not be afraid of it, as modern methods and techniques of surgical intervention have advanced far ahead and you can quickly return to your usual rhythm of life.